Iron Ore Exporter
ATCL Grain & Fertilizer Inc is a global supplier of all kinds of iron ore (fines / lumps / pallets), Manganese ore, Pig iron & Heavy melting Scrap (Hms 1 & 2). We source the product from mainly from Australia, Indonesia, USA, South America, India as well as from other parts of world to meet the demand of our global customer needs and always maintain long term relationship with our valued buyers to meet our buyers requirement in time. We work 24 hours a day 7 days a week 365 days a year to fulfill the buyer demands in time. Best price, guaranteed shipment & supply of high quality products are our specialty. You can consider us your best partner for any of your Iron ore needs on spot or contract basis.
Iron Ore: Iron ores are rocks and minerals from which metallic iron can be economically extracted. The ores are usually rich in iron oxides and vary in color from dark grey, bright yellow, deep purple, to rusty red. The iron itself is usually found in the form of magnetite (Fe3O4), hematite (Fe2O3), goethite, limonite or siderite. For industrial use and processing the mined ore is usually prepared and sold to steel makers as fines, pellets, concentrate, pig iron ore & iron nuggets. The iron itself is usually found in the form of magnetic (Fe3O4), hematite (Fe2O3), goethite (FeO(OH)), limonite (FeO(OH)), N(H2O) or side rite (FeCO3). Ores carrying very high quantities of hematite or magnetite (greater than 60% iron) are known as "natural ore" or "direct shipping ore", meaning they can be fed directly into iron-making blast furnaces. Most reserves of such ore have now been depleted. Iron ore is the raw material used to make pig iron, which is one of the main raw materials to make steel. Iron ore is one of the most useful metals in the world. 98% of the mined iron ore is used to make steel. It is also used extensively in motor vehicles, washing machines, refrigerators, ovens and other white goods.
There are varieties type of iron ore available for different kind of use:
1. Powdered Iron is used in metallurgy products, magnets, high-frequency cores, auto parts, catalyst.
2. Radioactive Iron (Iron 59) is used in medicine, tracer element in biochemical and metallurgical research.
3. Iron Blue is used in paints, printing inks, plastics, cosmetics (eye shadow), artist colors, laundry blue, paper dyeing, fertilizer ingredient, baked enamel finishes for autos and appliances, industrial finishes &
4. Black Iron Oxideis used as pigment, in polishing compounds, metallurgy, medicine, magnetic inks, in ferrites for electronics industry.
There are three sources of Iron ore as follows:
Hematite, (70% iron) which is iron oxide (Fe2O3) found on all continents, especially in Australia, Brazil and Asia. Most hematite ore originates from banded iron formations that have undergone chemical alteration over billions of years due to hydrothermal fluids. The world's largest producer of iron ore, Vale, located in Brazil, utilizes hematite ore. Vale produces 15% of the entire world's iron supply. In total, worldwide iron ore production is about one billion metric tons.
Another prominent source of iron ore is found as magmatic magnetite iron ore (72% iron) deposits, formed during ancient volcanic eruptions which released large amounts of magnetite which layer crystallized. Granite-associated deposits have been found in places like Malaysia and Indonesia which require very little post-processing to extract the iron. Titanomagnetite, a special class of magmatic magnetite iron ore, also serves as a source of titanium and vanadium, which is extracted via specialized smelters.
Third source is Taconite which is a low-grade iron ore, containing up to 30% Magnetite and Hematite. Taconite is a silica-rich iron ore that is considered to be a low-grade deposit. However, the iron-rich components of such deposits can be processed to produce a concentrate that is about 65% iron, which means that some of the most important iron ore deposits around the world were derived from taconite. Taconite is mined in the United States, Canada, and China.
IRON ORE FINES: Iron ore fines are a screened small fraction of high grade direct ship ore. The grade ranges from 56% to 66% iron (Fe) with the deleterious elements managed through ore blending. Fines are primarily sold to sinter plants and are typically cheapest product available to the steel industry blast furnaces.
IRON ORE LUMPS: Iron ore lumps is an output product from processed ores that have been milled (crush, grind, magnetic separation, +/- flotation) to separate deleterious elements and produce a higher quality product of 63% to 69% iron (Fe) compared to fines. It is sold to sinter and pellet plants and, due to its quality, usually commands a slight premium but is overall priced competitively with iron ore fines.
IRON ORE PELLETS: The pelletizing of iron ore produces spheres of typically 8-18 mm (0.31-0.71 inch) diameter. The process combines agglomeration and thermal treatment to convert the raw ore into pellets with characteristics appropriate for use in a blast furnace and grades of 67% - 72% Fe. Additional materials are added to the iron ore (pellet feed) to meet the requirements of the final pellets. This is done by placing the mixture in the pelletizer, which can hold different types of ores and additives, and mixing to adjust the chemical composition and the metallurgic properties of the pellets. In general, the following stages are included in this period of processing: concentration / separation, homogenization of the substance ratios, milling, classification, increasing thickness, homogenization of the pulp and filtering.
Besides above we also supply Pig Iron & Manganese ore as per customers demand if you are interested to buy or sell any kinds of Iron ore (Iron ore fines, Iron ore concentrate or Iron ore Pellets) or Pig iron or Manganese ore pls feel free to contact us or send us your inquiry by clicking this link.
PIG IRON: Pig iron is the intermediate product of smelting iron ore with coke, usually with limestone as a flux. It has a very high carbon content, which makes it very brittle and not useful directly as a material except for limited applications. Grades range from 90% Fe (HBI) to 96% Fe. The traditional shape of the molds used for these ingots was a branching structure formed in sand, with many individual ingots at right angles to a central channel or runner. Such a configuration is similar in appearance to a litter of piglets suckling on a sow. When the metal had cooled and hardened, the smaller ingots (the pigs) were simply broken from the much thinner runner (the sow), hence the name pig iron. As pig iron is intended for remelting, the uneven size of the ingots and inclusion of small amounts of sand was insignificant compared to the ease of casting and of handling. Pig iron contains varying amounts of contaminants such as sulfur, silicon and phosphorus. Its only significance is that of an intermediate step on the way from iron ore to cast iron and steel.
MANGANESE ORE: Manganese ore is silver-grey metal with a pinkish tinge. It is hard metallic element although it is quite brittle. Manganese ores are found in metamorphic rocks or sedimentary deposits. Pyrolusite is the main ore mineral for manganese. Manganese easily combines with air and water and is therefore a reactive element frequently found in the nodules on the sea floor. It is one of the 12 most abundant elements making up the Earth's crust. Ukraine and South Africa holds over 80% of the word's manganese ore reserves rest 20% Australia, Brazil, China, India, Gabon and Mexico. The U.S., Japan and Western Europe are all nearly deficient in economically mineable manganese. Manganese ore is alloyed with steel to improve hardness which is essential in the manufacturing of construction materials. It has a similar application when alloyed with aluminium and helps to reduce corrosion and is used in the manufacturing beverage cans. Manganese meal is used colorant in bricks and ceramics and is a catalyst and oxidizer. Manganese dioxide is used in dry cell batteries, in black paints to quicken dry time and to decolour and in the manufacture of ferroalloys. Manganese sulphate is used as a micronutrient in fertilizers and animal feeds. It is an important trace nutrient in animals and humans as it cofactors with enzymes and is a detoxification agent. It aids the body to absorbing vitamin B1 and makes bones strong and flexible. In the form of potassium permanganate it is used as a bactericide and algicide in water and waste water treatment.